THE RIVERBOATS NATCHEZ


Modified
06/08/2000

I wish to thank the folks at the NEW ORLEANS STEAMBOAT COMPANY for those portions of the below information within " " marks.


The NATCHEZ Calliope
from YouTube
Name: NATCHEZ
    Type: low pressure sidewheel steamboat, heavily built
    Size:
    Launched: 1823, New York, City.  Placed in service between New Orleans
             and Natchez.  Later placed in the Vicksburg trade.
    Destroyed: 1835, Sept 4, New Orleans: destroyed by fire
    Area: Miss. R., 1823 
    Owner: 
    Captain and pilots: Capt. 
    Comments: 1825: Gen. Lafayette left N.O. aboard her for St Louis.
              "When the Marquis de Lafayette, Marshal of France and a
              former general of Revolution War fametoured America as a
              guest of the government in 1925, part of his journey
              (from New Orleans to St Louis) up the Mississipi River was
              made on board the Steamer NATCHEZ. 
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Name: NATCHEZ Type: Sidewheeler Size: Launched: 1838, Baltimore, Oh. Destroyed: Reportedly 1842, Nov. 21, sank after collision in Brazil Area: U. Miss. R. and Brazil Owner:A group of merchants then the Government of Brazil Captain and pilots: Capt. Comments: Brazil converted her into a warship.

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Banner THE THOMAS P. LEATHERS BOATS
Name: NATCHEZ Type: sidewheeler Size: 175" Launched: 1846, Cincinatti, Oh. Destroyed: 1852, abandoned Area: Miss. R. Vicksburg - New Orleans trade Owner:1846 - 1849 Leathers, Capt. Thomas P. Captain(s): Leathers, Thomas P. Comments: "This 175 foot long sidewheeler made her debut in the days when scores of packets with tall black smokestacks would lie at warves looking for passengers and frieght. NATCHEZ was distinguished from other boats by her red smokestacks with a bale of cotton slung between them. In 1849, Captain Leathers needed a larger boat to handle his ever increasing trade, so the NATCHEZ was sold . . . "
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Name: NATCHEZ Type: Sidewheeler Size: 191' Launched: 1849, Cincinnati, Oh. Destroyed: 1866, Mar. 10: Mobile: sank from rot Area: Vicksburg, Natchez and New Orleans Owner: 1849 - 1853: Leathers, Capt. Thomas P. Captain(s): Leathers, Thomas P. Comments: "Her owner and master, Thomas P. Leathers, sold her in 1853 after three strenuous years of carrying cotton. The NATCHEZ II wound up as a wharfboat at Mobile and succumbed to old age by sinking . . . "
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Name: NATCHEZ Type: Sidewheeler Size: 270' Able to carry 4,000 bales of cotton Launched: 1853, Dec. Destroyed: 1854, Feb. 5: Burned to waterline. Area: Miss. R. Owner: Leathers, Capt. Thomas P. Captain(s): Leathers, Thomas P. Comments: "The third boat to bear the name NATCHEZ had one of the most ill-starred and short-lived careers of any boat ever built." "On January 1, 1854 she collided with and sank the sidewheel packet PEARL below Plaquemine, Louisiana. Then on Febuary 5, 1854, she burned to the waterline after having had a commercial life of but six short weeks. The hull was taken to Cincinnati where like a Phonix arising from the ashes a new NATCHEZ was born." - - NATCHEZ IV
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Name: NATCHEZ Type: Sidewheeler Size: 270' Launched: 1854?, Cincinnati. Destroyed: 1860: became a wharfboat Area: Miss. R. Owner: Leathers, Capt. Thomas P. Captain(s): Leathers, Thomas P. Comments: ". . . was awarded a mail contract between New Orleans and Vicksburg and she became the Saturday boat out of N.O.. She survived until the spring cotton season of 1860 was over. At that time she was sent to Louisville to tow the hull of yet another NATCHEZ (to become NATCHEZ V) to New Orleans for completion. Her engines were placed in the new boat and she was sent to Baton Rouge where she served as a wharfboat.
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Name: NATCHEZ Type: Sidewheeler Size: 273'; cargo capacity: 5.000 bales of cotton Launched: 1860, Aug. Destroyed: 1863, Area: Miss. R. Owner: Leathers, Capt. Thomas P. Captain(s): Leathers, Thomas P. Comments: 1861: "Jefferson Davis boarded at Brierfield Plantation for a voyage to Montgomery where he was sworn in as the Confederate president." 1861, Apr. "Impressed into Confederate Navy as a troop carrier, she was sent up the White River in April 1861 to transport troops to Memphis. Then she served as a cotton-clad armed boat on the Yazoo River. There, 25 miles above Yazoo City on March 13, 1863, she was deliberately set on fire by her crew and destroyed to prevent capture by Union forces.
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Name: NATCHEZ Type: sidewheeler Size: 301" Launched: 1869, Cincinnati Destroyed: 1879 Area: Miss. R.- Natchez to New Orleans Owner: Leathers, Capt. Thomas P. Captain(s): Leathers, Thomas P. 4. 1870, Oct. Richard Holmes Comments: From The Wheeling Register, Monday, March 31, 1897 Comments: 1870, early June: ". . . the NATCHEZ went up to St Louis in 3 days, 21 hours, and 58 minutes, this breaking a long standing record set by the J. M. White in 1844. This set the stage for the famous race that began in New Orleans on June 30, 1870."
1870, June 30: "NATCHEZ left New Orleans a few minutes behind the ROBERT E. LEE, which had refused all fright and even removed the glass windows from the pilothouse. The NATCHEZ, on the other hand, carried her normal complement of passengers and freight and continued to make regular stops on her way to St. Louis. Despite lithographs depicting the two racers side by side, such was not the case, for the boats were never in sight of each other. Delayed by fog and fuel stops, the NATCHEZ steamed into St. Louis six and a half hours after the ROBERT E. LEE set a record of 3 days, 18 hours and 14 minutes. Despite her loss, the NATCHEZ made 401 trips between New Orleans and Natchez during the nine and a half years that she ran on this trade. Contemporary accounts claim that she ran on the water with the grace and ease of a swan. One of her tall smokestacks contaimned her whistle, which sounded like an enormous bumblebee. As Captain Leathers put it, 'The whistle is for awakening the people on the shore, not on the steamboat.'" 1879: "When she was taken to Cincinnati to be dismantled in 1879, she could claim the distinction of never having flown the American flag. Her hull was taken to the Refuge Oil Mill, where it was used as a wharfboat. Made run N.O. to Natchez, 1870, 0/17/17 Made run N.O. to Cairo, 1870, 3/1/0 Made run N.O to St. Louis 1870, 3/21/58 Comments: From The Wheeling Register, Monday, March 31, 1897 The Natchez VII had a penchant for racing. One boat she raced was the ECLIPS.
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Name: NATCHEZ Type: Sternwheeler Size: Launched: 1879, Aug. 2 by Coulter and Son at Cincinnati, Oh. Destroyed: 1889, Jan. 1. Sank from lack of maintainance Area: New Orleans and Miss. R. Owner(s): Leathers, Capt. Thomas P. Captain(s): Leathers, Thomas P. Comments: " . . . designed skylight glasses depicting 22 indian portraits. On the forward skyward bulkhead was a scene at Natchez with Indians worshiping the rising sun and on the aft bulkhead was and Indian queen jumping from a bluff. 1885, March 4: "Captain Leathers declared that the war was over and fired his signal cannon from the NATCHEZ at Vicksburg. He raised the American flag, the first time one had flown from one of his steamers since being hauled down on NATCHEZ Vin 1860. This NATCHEZ was laid up due to lack of business in 1887. Two years later on January 1, 1889, she sank at Stack Island near Lake Providence, Lousiana. Although much of her cabin equipment was salvaged, sand washed under her hull and she broke up. Comments: Photo and more history on NATCHEZ VII
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Name: NATCHEZ Type: Sternwheeler Size: Length: 225'; Width: 40'; Draft: 8' Launched: 1891 at the Howard Shipyard in Jeffersonville, Indiana Destroyed: 1918 0r 19: Broken up for salvage Area: Owner(s): Leathers, Capt. Thomas P. and Leathers, Capt. Bowling S. and wife Leathers, Capt. Blanch Douglass Captains: Leathers, Bowling S. ( Thomas P. Leather's son) Leathers, Blanch Douglass (Bowling's wife) Duke, William A. "By 1900, Captain B.D. Leathers (Blanch) was listed as the master of this NATCHEZ, and B. S. Leathers (Bolling) was listed as the clerk." Comments: "Since Captain Leathers was getting on in years, command of this boat fell to Captain Leather's son, Captain Bowling S. Leathers. Captain Bowling Leathers was married to Blanch Douglas Leathers who, in 1894, became one of the few women to obtain a master's licence. 1896, June: at the age of 80, Captain T. P. Leathers died of injuries sustained after being struck by a bicyclist on St. Charles Avenue in New Orleans. Operation of his steamers fell to his son and his daughter-in-law. The only "sternwheeler" named NATCHEZ under Captain Leather's ownership, this eighth(? 10th including 2 earlier boats Leathers did not own) vessel of the name had a career full of misadventures, including two sinkings." 1896, Nov.: Due to dried hull seams, sank 3 mi. above Natchez. Cargo was 1,700 bales of cotton and 8,757 sacks of seed. 1897, Early Feb.: Hit shore at Cottonwood, 20 mi below Vicksburg. Tore away her jack-staff and toppled her stacks. 1899, Nov.: Sank at Ford's crossing, 12 miles below Natchez. 1914: Got new boilers. 1915: Was taken by U.S. Marshalls, then sold to Duke, Capt. William A. for $6,500. 1919: Broken up Comments: The Thomas P. Leathers Papers
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THE LATEST NATCHEZ

The Steamboat Natchez on the Mississippi River!

Click on steamboat above for larger image

Name: NATCHEZ IX Web Site
Type: Sternwheeler Size: length:265'; width: 44'; Draft: 5' 6"; Passengers:1,600 Engines: tandem compound condensing steam "Like old time packets, the engines for this boat came from another boat: the U.S. Steel Company's towboat, CLAIRTON (formerly the YOUGHIOGHENY, before that the B.F. FAIRLESS)" Designer: Lawrence Bates, noted riverboat captain, architect and author. Launched: 1975 by Bergeron Shipyards, Braithwaite, Lousiana Destroyed: still operating Area: New Orleans, La. Owner: New Orleans Steamboat Company Web Site
#2 Canal Street, Suite 1300 New Orleans, Louisiana Captains: Comments: One of only six remaining true steam-powered paddlewheelers. Patterned after the old packets VIRGINIA and HUDSON. Bell with 250 silver dollars once belonged to packet boat QUEEN CITY. "Unlike the packets of the old days, the only wood in this NATCHEZ is her main bar and her paddlewheel buckets. Her steel hull is divided into 28 watertight compartments making her safe and sound. Her thrity note calliope was modeled after earlier models used on steamboats. She can accomodate 1600 passengers in luxury and air-conditioned comfort - something that was never heard of in packet boat days.
Click to enlarge
From The Gallery
Of
Michael Blaser

4. She Takes The Horns, by Fredrick Way, Jr.

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